The responsibility assumed by the citizens on the question of the environment is first determined through an awareness of the environmental problems, which are conveyed by the media. However, in France, the individuals mobilization in favor of the environment is much less in comparison to that in other European countries (the scores of the green party in elections are lower and the membership rates within the different associations in favor of the protection of nature are insignificant) although lately, sociological enquiries have shown an increased awareness of the ecological problems.


Besides, political, ideological and cultural reasons, the causes are to be found in the media’s portrayal of the environment. At the same time as reflecting public opinion and the nature of the debate from which arguments are exchanged, they also define the space of discussion and argumentation and are dependent on a space representation which they observe and to whose construction they contribute.


Therefore, it is necessary to ask oneself about the public’s opinions, their legitimatization, the way they are integrated into journalistic speech in order to perceive a specific representation of man in society. Is man represented as an actor acting on an ecosystem which he controls or, on the contrary, is he the victim of nature fatality ? What place do we grant to the ecological militants ? and to the green parties ? Are the solutions to environmental problems dependant on the institutions or on the responsibility of the citizens?


Thus, our goal is to determine through an example, that of atmospheric pollution, the position held by each media in the construction of the environmental conception through the representation of man's social status.

To show the environmental stakes is to accept the consideration that nature becomes "social" and that it is a political object to which man owns the keys.
 

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The environment through media
The example of the atmospheric pollution

Akila Nedjar  

The responsibility assumed by the citizens on the question of the environment is first determined through an awareness of the environmental problems, which are conveyed by the media. However, in France, the individuals mobilization in favor of the environment is much less in comparison to that in other European countries (the scores of the green party in elections are lower and the membership rates within the different associations in favor of the protection of nature are insignificant) although lately, sociological enquiries have shown an increased awareness of the ecological problems.


Besides, political, ideological and cultural reasons, the causes are to be found in the media’s portrayal of the environment. At the same time as reflecting public opinion and the nature of the debate from which arguments are exchanged, they also define the space of discussion and argumentation and are dependent on a space representation which they observe and to whose construction they contribute.


Therefore, it is necessary to ask oneself about the public’s opinions, their legitimatization, the way they are integrated into journalistic speech in order to perceive a specific representation of man in society. Is man represented as an actor acting on an ecosystem which he controls or, on the contrary, is he the victim of nature fatality ? What place do we grant to the ecological militants ? and to the green parties ? Are the solutions to environmental problems dependant on the institutions or on the responsibility of the citizens?


Thus, our goal is to determine through an example, that of atmospheric pollution, the position held by each media in the construction of the environmental conception through the representation of man's social status.

To show the environmental stakes is to accept the consideration that nature becomes "social" and that it is a political object to which man owns the keys.
 

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