Recent development of neuroscience has provided remarkable scientific discoveries, as well many newer philosophical, ethical, legal and social issues. This paper provides a historical and current overview of the "neuroethics," an emerging interdisciplinary field which treats and discusses these topics. First, academically, neuroethics is a hybrid of several related fields, such as bioethics, philosophy, religion, techno-ethics, and science communication. Second, politically, the USA and EU has showed strong interest in this topic and already started relating projects. We also launched Neuroethics Research Group in Japan (NeRGJ) last year as a part of larger research project of the cohort study, funded by Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST). Third, culturally, we need our own principle and philosophy of neuroethics in East Asian area, because of the several cultural differences between us and the western countries. We will also discuss how to share the ethical problems across neuroscientists, mass media, and public.

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Ethical consideration of neuroscience
Neuroethics and its perspective

Tamami Fukushi   Research Institute of Science and Technology for Society (RISTEX), Japan Science and Technology

Osamu Sakura   nterfaculty Initiative in Information Studies, University of Tokyo, Japan

Recent development of neuroscience has provided remarkable scientific discoveries, as well many newer philosophical, ethical, legal and social issues. This paper provides a historical and current overview of the "neuroethics," an emerging interdisciplinary field which treats and discusses these topics. First, academically, neuroethics is a hybrid of several related fields, such as bioethics, philosophy, religion, techno-ethics, and science communication. Second, politically, the USA and EU has showed strong interest in this topic and already started relating projects. We also launched Neuroethics Research Group in Japan (NeRGJ) last year as a part of larger research project of the cohort study, funded by Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST). Third, culturally, we need our own principle and philosophy of neuroethics in East Asian area, because of the several cultural differences between us and the western countries. We will also discuss how to share the ethical problems across neuroscientists, mass media, and public.

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