In the end of 1950s, the economic growth in North Korea rose to an unexpected rate of 44%. The more vigorous the production activities became, the more important the role of science and technology became. So, the government of North Korea emphasized the improvement of science and the technological support activities to the production sites, such as factories, mines and farms.

Unfortunately, there were few scientists and technologists at the production sites, and to make matters worse, the scientists and technologists who were dispatched from Soviet Union to support the production activities, withdrew at the end of 1957. At that time, the members of ‘the Academy of Sciences of Democratic People’s Republic of Korea,’ who were top-class scientists and technologists, rushed into the public. The policy was named as ‘On-site Research Program’. As the On-site Research Program launched on January 3 rd , 1958, the roles of the members of the Academy were changed. After the Program, they took the responsibility for not only the scientific research activities in the laboratories, but also the on-site activities.

The On-Site Research Program, “to do the scientific research activities at the production sites,” made the members of the Academy sent to the production sites, and the reality of North Korea fully took into account in the scientific and technological activities. The scientific and technological system of North Korea started to be executed in self-supporting manner by the Program. Satisfying the good results of the Program, the leaders of North Korea expanded the execution domain of the Program into ‘the ideology education project’ and ‘the technological innovation movement for the working masses.’ After actively executed, the Program made many changes not only in the field of science and technology, but also in other fields, especially the production site, the education system, and the Chollima Movement. The very important result of the Program was the formation of North Korean-style science and technology, putting great emphasis on the enthusiastic participation of the workers and the dependence of resources, manpower and ability of science and technology. Later, the North Korean-style science and technology was given a peculiar name, ‘Juche science and technology.’

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Scientists and technologists of North Korea rushed into the public as the ‘on-site research program’ was launched

Ho-Je, Kang   Programs in History and Philosophy of Science

In the end of 1950s, the economic growth in North Korea rose to an unexpected rate of 44%. The more vigorous the production activities became, the more important the role of science and technology became. So, the government of North Korea emphasized the improvement of science and the technological support activities to the production sites, such as factories, mines and farms.

Unfortunately, there were few scientists and technologists at the production sites, and to make matters worse, the scientists and technologists who were dispatched from Soviet Union to support the production activities, withdrew at the end of 1957. At that time, the members of ‘the Academy of Sciences of Democratic People’s Republic of Korea,’ who were top-class scientists and technologists, rushed into the public. The policy was named as ‘On-site Research Program’. As the On-site Research Program launched on January 3 rd , 1958, the roles of the members of the Academy were changed. After the Program, they took the responsibility for not only the scientific research activities in the laboratories, but also the on-site activities.

The On-Site Research Program, “to do the scientific research activities at the production sites,” made the members of the Academy sent to the production sites, and the reality of North Korea fully took into account in the scientific and technological activities. The scientific and technological system of North Korea started to be executed in self-supporting manner by the Program. Satisfying the good results of the Program, the leaders of North Korea expanded the execution domain of the Program into ‘the ideology education project’ and ‘the technological innovation movement for the working masses.’ After actively executed, the Program made many changes not only in the field of science and technology, but also in other fields, especially the production site, the education system, and the Chollima Movement. The very important result of the Program was the formation of North Korean-style science and technology, putting great emphasis on the enthusiastic participation of the workers and the dependence of resources, manpower and ability of science and technology. Later, the North Korean-style science and technology was given a peculiar name, ‘Juche science and technology.’

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