The formulation of a national program for public communication of science is at stake now in Brazil. Federal government, scientific institutions and societies are making efforts for organizing national activities for the popularization of S&T. The main purposes are to promote scientific culture, to collaborate with the improvement of science education, to attract young peoples for S&T careers and to stimulate public engagement in science. The rich cultural diversity, the enormous social inequalities and the bad situation of science education put many challenges to these intentions. Recently large events for discussing and promoting public communication of science were organized, such as the IV World Congress of Science Museums, national and regional meetings of the Brazilian Society for the Advancement of Science and the World Year of Physics. A program for stimulating the creation of new science museums started recently. The National Week of Science and Technology was established two years ago; in 2005 about 7000 activities were organized in 350 cities, with the involvement of 850 research institutions, universities, scientific societies and high schools. We discuss here the present status of public communication of science in Brazil and the dilemmas and challenges for developing a national program for popularization of S&T.

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Public Communication of Science and Technology

 

Communicating science and technology in Brazil
Recent actions and attempts for establishing a national program

Ildeu de Castro Moreira   Institute of Physics, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

The formulation of a national program for public communication of science is at stake now in Brazil. Federal government, scientific institutions and societies are making efforts for organizing national activities for the popularization of S&T. The main purposes are to promote scientific culture, to collaborate with the improvement of science education, to attract young peoples for S&T careers and to stimulate public engagement in science. The rich cultural diversity, the enormous social inequalities and the bad situation of science education put many challenges to these intentions. Recently large events for discussing and promoting public communication of science were organized, such as the IV World Congress of Science Museums, national and regional meetings of the Brazilian Society for the Advancement of Science and the World Year of Physics. A program for stimulating the creation of new science museums started recently. The National Week of Science and Technology was established two years ago; in 2005 about 7000 activities were organized in 350 cities, with the involvement of 850 research institutions, universities, scientific societies and high schools. We discuss here the present status of public communication of science in Brazil and the dilemmas and challenges for developing a national program for popularization of S&T.

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