This thesis is to study the importance of the scientific communication in these modern days and the role of the press. Out of which, it is to search on the broadcasting media, which is one of the most effective medium of communication. Especially, the intention of this study is to search on the soundness of the Korean scientific broadcasting system and the establi- shment of an idealistic modem. The modern science and the popularization of technology became an important influence on the objective of the nation, where the process of the characteristics of the 21st century's society is changing. Thus, in order to have the mass of population to become aware of and to understand and to propagate and to popularize the scientific information, through the mass communication media, the role of the communication is very important. Therefore, the role of the press is to alienate from the traditional passive way to positive and active public information method of providing scientific information.
Through this very kind of scientific communication. one of the most effective way in achieving the mass podzolization of science is the utili- zation of the television media.As one of the means for this infrastructure, it is most paramount to establish a special channel that will only handle the programs related with scientific technology area. The reason for this method is that the existing mass communication system including the press and the broading system has limitations because of the completion for the number of audience and other factors. Then, why is it important to have the scientific communication for this purpose? What will be the most effective communication method? Furthermore, what would be the most effective kind of scientific program? Then, would it be necessary to have the broadcasting system that only specialize in scientificinformation and the production of such programs?
The result of the study on this matter are as follows: The mass media have neither devoted much weight on science related programs nor have shown much interest in handling of science matters. In the case of a supreme broadcasting media, which has much influence on the society, has allocated not more than 3.7% of their programming time on science related program. Not only because of the recognition that science itself is a difficult and is complicated subject to the general public, there are not much contents that are dramatic and of news value on science matters.This is also the result on the part of the scientist, who are the main source of the information, is not positive on the dissemination of the information for the general mass media. Namely, in spite of the fact that much expense and efforts are needed from the standpoint of the press companies on the science programs or articles, it is difficult to draw out the reaction of the readers and the audience, which is an area that there are not much people that would readily wish to be involved.
In conclusion, to cope with this sorts of problems, this thesis is aimed to present the necessities of establishing the broadcasting system, specializing in scientific information, with specific ways and methods, especially, with the utilization of the satellite broadcasting system, as the new and wide ranging media.The start of the broadcasting system on science matters is to head toward the publishing type broadcasting system, that can be operated with minimum number of manpower, enabling planning and editing, while marinating its principle on outside reassorting. Starting with this small number of manpower and through the programs which are already being produced by the existing broading system or through the arrangement of foreign programs, and by maximizing the editing merit, an entirely new impression can be achieved, enabling it to become the center of scientific culture both in name and reality.
Viewing from this point, it could become a catalyst enabling the existing broadcasting system to have more interest in the science programs to allow the change in the broadcasting genre, that could bring about the testing to view howclose the true character of life and broadcasting could be brought near together.The abstract is to be at the top of the columns as it is here, below the author information. Use the word “Abstract” as the title, in 12-point Times New Roman, boldface type, centered relative to column, initially capitalized. The abstract is to be in 10-point, single-space typed. It is recommended that your abstract contain 150-200 words. Leave two blank lines after the abstract, the beginning of the main text. All manuscripts must be in English.
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