It has been a growing belief that only things having commercial and economic viability will sustain in today’s fast advancing world that is governed and influenced by commercial and economic factors. The issue of increasing influence of commerce in society and development, and problems arising thereof has been the emerging concern recently. Things have even reached the point where commercial compulsions are making fundamental changes in the way a society acts and responses. In the process, there emerges a plethora of issues and problems resulting into conflicts that have no clear solutions but options. Here comes the role of scientific reasoning, scientific temper and communication that hold the key. The author has studied some of such situations and has arrived at certain conclusions. For example, plains of Ganges in northern India generally experience low water level during extreme summer leaving most of the water bodies dry. Even drinking water is not available for man and cattle in some areas. As a contrast, some forward looking farmers tend to exploit water bodies and even ground water for advanced agriculture to reap more profit during summer. It speaks in volumes the importance of creating a balance between custom approach and forward approach to help resolve the conflict. Scientific reasoning and science communication if applied rationally can only help in such cases. With several such examples, the present paper also discusses the efforts directed towards inculcating scientific temper and public understanding of science thereby empowering people to address such problems at local level. The phrase, ‘Scientific Temper’ introduced by first Indian Prime Minister Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru, means using method of science and being rational.

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Scientific temper and conflict management

Manoj Patairiya   National Council for Science & Technology Communication

It has been a growing belief that only things having commercial and economic viability will sustain in today’s fast advancing world that is governed and influenced by commercial and economic factors. The issue of increasing influence of commerce in society and development, and problems arising thereof has been the emerging concern recently. Things have even reached the point where commercial compulsions are making fundamental changes in the way a society acts and responses. In the process, there emerges a plethora of issues and problems resulting into conflicts that have no clear solutions but options. Here comes the role of scientific reasoning, scientific temper and communication that hold the key. The author has studied some of such situations and has arrived at certain conclusions. For example, plains of Ganges in northern India generally experience low water level during extreme summer leaving most of the water bodies dry. Even drinking water is not available for man and cattle in some areas. As a contrast, some forward looking farmers tend to exploit water bodies and even ground water for advanced agriculture to reap more profit during summer. It speaks in volumes the importance of creating a balance between custom approach and forward approach to help resolve the conflict. Scientific reasoning and science communication if applied rationally can only help in such cases. With several such examples, the present paper also discusses the efforts directed towards inculcating scientific temper and public understanding of science thereby empowering people to address such problems at local level. The phrase, ‘Scientific Temper’ introduced by first Indian Prime Minister Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru, means using method of science and being rational.

A copy of the full paper has not yet been submitted.

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