Various countries around the world have consistent understanding of the role that scientists play in science communication. Scientists have incomparable professional advantages in science communication and have the obligation to inform public about what they are doing and what affect their research has to the society. This article in the first place introduced the main forms that scientists communicate with public in China and the extent of their participation. The policy background was also discussed in the first part. The survey results of Chinese Scientists’ Working Status Investigation in 2008 showed that in the past 12 months, 56.7% of scientists participated in at least one science communication activity. There are over 1400 academicians of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and Chinese Academy of Engineering in China. They represent the highest level of scholarship and are also the leading group among all the scientists in science communication in China. The status and forms of how academicians participate in science communication are also stated in this article. The survey conducted by China Research Institute of Science Communication in 2009, investigating the issued related to the academicians participating in science communication in China, showed that in the past three years (2006-2008), over 87.5% of academicians involved in some kind of science communication activity. They were more willing to communicate with public comparing with other scientists. The main characteristics of how scientists participate in science communication were discussed in the final part of the article. Big differences appeared among scientists with different genders, ages and education background when they participate in science communication. Personal demands are the main factor that influences scientists on the extent of participation in science communication.

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Public Communication of Science and Technology

 

How scientists communicate with public in china
Policies, status and characteristics

Liang Qi   China Research Institute for Science Popularization

Various countries around the world have consistent understanding of the role that scientists play in science communication. Scientists have incomparable professional advantages in science communication and have the obligation to inform public about what they are doing and what affect their research has to the society. This article in the first place introduced the main forms that scientists communicate with public in China and the extent of their participation. The policy background was also discussed in the first part. The survey results of Chinese Scientists’ Working Status Investigation in 2008 showed that in the past 12 months, 56.7% of scientists participated in at least one science communication activity. There are over 1400 academicians of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and Chinese Academy of Engineering in China. They represent the highest level of scholarship and are also the leading group among all the scientists in science communication in China. The status and forms of how academicians participate in science communication are also stated in this article. The survey conducted by China Research Institute of Science Communication in 2009, investigating the issued related to the academicians participating in science communication in China, showed that in the past three years (2006-2008), over 87.5% of academicians involved in some kind of science communication activity. They were more willing to communicate with public comparing with other scientists. The main characteristics of how scientists participate in science communication were discussed in the final part of the article. Big differences appeared among scientists with different genders, ages and education background when they participate in science communication. Personal demands are the main factor that influences scientists on the extent of participation in science communication.

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