Communicating medical controversial issues implies some responsibilities for the mass media related to fairness, honesty, truth and balance (Lacy, Fico, & Simon, 1991). The aim of this study is to analyze the journalistic coverage of the stories published about the process of the Law of Sexual and Reproductive Health and the Voluntary Interruption of Pregnancy in El País and ABC in 2009 and 2010 when it was discussed in the Congress. The stories analyzed are retrieved using the database MyNews with the keyword “aborto”. The sample is randomly constructed by following the indications of the constructed week (Riffe, Aust, & Lacy, 1993). 387 stories have been obtained (159 in El Pas y 228 in ABC) and a double methodology developed. On the one hand, content analysis has been used from the perspective of Framing (Durant, Bauer, & Gaskell, 1998; Nisbet, Brossard, & Kroepsch, 2003). On the other hand, a morphological and structural analysis has been developed (Kayser, 1982). The results show that the most highlighted frame is political (243 texts), followed by ethical (220). It is remarkable that in 45% of the texts there is not personal sources quoted. Other variables as genre, format, political arena, sources and their positioning about the law in parliamentary process are described. Although most of the texts studied are information (49.1%), most of them don’t have a neutral tone (23% in favor and 30.2% against). This means that the editorial lines of the analyzed newspapers are present in the published news on abortion.

References
Durant, J., Bauer, M. W., & Gaskell, G. (1998). Biotechnology in the Public Sphere. A European Sourcebook. Londres: Science Museum.
Gans, H. (1979/2004). Deciding What’s News. Evanston, Illinois: North Western University Press.
Kayser, J. (1982). El diario francés. Barcelona: ATE.
Lacy, S., Fico, F., & Simon, T. F. (1991). Fairness and Balance in the prestige press. Journalism Quarterly, 68(3), 363-370.
Nisbet, M. C., Brossard, D., & Kroepsch, A. (2003). Framing science: The stem cell controversy in an age of press/politics. Harvard International Journal of Press/Politics, 8(2), 36-70.
Riffe, D., Aust, C. F., & Lacy, S. R. (1993). Effectiveness of random, consecutive day and Constructed Week in Newspaper Content Analysis Journalism Quarterly, 70(1), 133-139.

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Framing controversy
Mass media’s ethics and responsibility in life sciences; Media coverage of the law of sexual and reproductive health and voluntary interruption of pregnancy. El país and abc (2009-2010)

Cristina Luque   CEU Cardinal Herrera University

Pilar Esteban   CEU Cardinal Herrera University

Francisco Olmo   CEU Cardinal Herrera University

Communicating medical controversial issues implies some responsibilities for the mass media related to fairness, honesty, truth and balance (Lacy, Fico, & Simon, 1991). The aim of this study is to analyze the journalistic coverage of the stories published about the process of the Law of Sexual and Reproductive Health and the Voluntary Interruption of Pregnancy in El País and ABC in 2009 and 2010 when it was discussed in the Congress. The stories analyzed are retrieved using the database MyNews with the keyword “aborto”. The sample is randomly constructed by following the indications of the constructed week (Riffe, Aust, & Lacy, 1993). 387 stories have been obtained (159 in El Pas y 228 in ABC) and a double methodology developed. On the one hand, content analysis has been used from the perspective of Framing (Durant, Bauer, & Gaskell, 1998; Nisbet, Brossard, & Kroepsch, 2003). On the other hand, a morphological and structural analysis has been developed (Kayser, 1982). The results show that the most highlighted frame is political (243 texts), followed by ethical (220). It is remarkable that in 45% of the texts there is not personal sources quoted. Other variables as genre, format, political arena, sources and their positioning about the law in parliamentary process are described. Although most of the texts studied are information (49.1%), most of them don’t have a neutral tone (23% in favor and 30.2% against). This means that the editorial lines of the analyzed newspapers are present in the published news on abortion.

References
Durant, J., Bauer, M. W., & Gaskell, G. (1998). Biotechnology in the Public Sphere. A European Sourcebook. Londres: Science Museum.
Gans, H. (1979/2004). Deciding What’s News. Evanston, Illinois: North Western University Press.
Kayser, J. (1982). El diario francés. Barcelona: ATE.
Lacy, S., Fico, F., & Simon, T. F. (1991). Fairness and Balance in the prestige press. Journalism Quarterly, 68(3), 363-370.
Nisbet, M. C., Brossard, D., & Kroepsch, A. (2003). Framing science: The stem cell controversy in an age of press/politics. Harvard International Journal of Press/Politics, 8(2), 36-70.
Riffe, D., Aust, C. F., & Lacy, S. R. (1993). Effectiveness of random, consecutive day and Constructed Week in Newspaper Content Analysis Journalism Quarterly, 70(1), 133-139.

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