In recent years, China has made great progress in the building of Natural Science Museums, especially new Science and Technology Museums as well as the rebuilding and expansion of old Natural History Museums, which features heavy investments and large scales. In 2006, by promulgating the "Essentials of National Medium and Long‐‐Term Science and Technology Plan (2006 2020)" and "Outline of National Action Scheme of Scientific Literacy for All Chinese Citizens 2006‐2010‐2020", the Chinese government announced to strengthen the "Infrastructure Project for Popular Science" by building a number of new science and technology centers, Museums of Natural History and other museums of science and technology category. There should be at least one large or medium‐size science and technology museum in each municipality, provincial capital and capital of autonomous region, at least one museum of technology category in each large city with resident population exceeding 1 million. There should also be a significant growth in the reception capacity of science and technology museums. Given the current museum number, about 20 Science and Technology Museums are still needed to be built in the future.

Large‐scale building of Natural Science Museums is for raising people's scientific literacy, mainly bringing into play the museums' science and education function. The development concept of the industry of Natural Science Museums is being diverted from focusing on the "stuff" to focusing on "people" (as main service object), and it has gradually become an common understanding that the current social education service function is the most important reflection of museums' social value. However, it requires the industry's active innovation and bold practice to fully make use of the education level of natural science museums and to promote the effects of scientific education. This paper explores how to practice scientific education functions of natural science museums in a better way through case studying.

Case 1: "Learning List"‐‐An effective tool for cooperation between the scientific education of museums and the education at school. Dalian Natural History Museum launched "Learning List" activities to explore an approach to integrate with school education. For students, the list is not only a kind of interesting and life‐based learning material, but also a way to train their learning abilities and their self‐study attitudes. From school's point of view, "Learning List" is a kind of extended teaching material designed for quality education, which may not only make up for the shortage of school teaching and contents, but be used as a form of testing students' learning results.

Case 2: "Searching for Green Treasure" ‐that is to launch scientific education activities combining various characteristics of natural science museums. The scientific education of museums should be based on the intention to inspire the audience¡Ë‰s intrinsic learning motivation, design and launch popular science activities according to various characteristics of natural science museums, and build a communication bridge between the audience and museums. Nanjing Botanical Garden launched a popular science activity ‐‐"Searching for Green Treasure" ‐‐for primary and middle school students in light of its garden features.

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Case study on science education of Chinese natural science museums

Zhong Qi   CHINA RESEARCH INSTITUTE FOR SCIENCE POPULARIZATION

In recent years, China has made great progress in the building of Natural Science Museums, especially new Science and Technology Museums as well as the rebuilding and expansion of old Natural History Museums, which features heavy investments and large scales. In 2006, by promulgating the "Essentials of National Medium and Long‐‐Term Science and Technology Plan (2006 2020)" and "Outline of National Action Scheme of Scientific Literacy for All Chinese Citizens 2006‐2010‐2020", the Chinese government announced to strengthen the "Infrastructure Project for Popular Science" by building a number of new science and technology centers, Museums of Natural History and other museums of science and technology category. There should be at least one large or medium‐size science and technology museum in each municipality, provincial capital and capital of autonomous region, at least one museum of technology category in each large city with resident population exceeding 1 million. There should also be a significant growth in the reception capacity of science and technology museums. Given the current museum number, about 20 Science and Technology Museums are still needed to be built in the future.

Large‐scale building of Natural Science Museums is for raising people's scientific literacy, mainly bringing into play the museums' science and education function. The development concept of the industry of Natural Science Museums is being diverted from focusing on the "stuff" to focusing on "people" (as main service object), and it has gradually become an common understanding that the current social education service function is the most important reflection of museums' social value. However, it requires the industry's active innovation and bold practice to fully make use of the education level of natural science museums and to promote the effects of scientific education. This paper explores how to practice scientific education functions of natural science museums in a better way through case studying.

Case 1: "Learning List"‐‐An effective tool for cooperation between the scientific education of museums and the education at school. Dalian Natural History Museum launched "Learning List" activities to explore an approach to integrate with school education. For students, the list is not only a kind of interesting and life‐based learning material, but also a way to train their learning abilities and their self‐study attitudes. From school's point of view, "Learning List" is a kind of extended teaching material designed for quality education, which may not only make up for the shortage of school teaching and contents, but be used as a form of testing students' learning results.

Case 2: "Searching for Green Treasure" ‐that is to launch scientific education activities combining various characteristics of natural science museums. The scientific education of museums should be based on the intention to inspire the audience¡Ë‰s intrinsic learning motivation, design and launch popular science activities according to various characteristics of natural science museums, and build a communication bridge between the audience and museums. Nanjing Botanical Garden launched a popular science activity ‐‐"Searching for Green Treasure" ‐‐for primary and middle school students in light of its garden features.

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