We discuss the role of Brazilian Society for the Advancement of Science (SBPC), during the process of democratization in Brazil, focusing our analysis in the journal Ciência Hoje. We are interested on the discussion of values of scientific culture. Ciência Hoje was created in 1982 by a group of scientists who aimed to promote scientific popularization. Meanings attributed to the journal by the editors about its initial success, suggest a strengthening of a science-democracy axis. SBPC has promoted discourses around that axis since its foundation (1948). However, during the military dictatorship, this axis had been strengthened as an explicit political position, progressively antagonistic to the government. It’s notable that SBPC‘s role in political resistance during Brazilian dictatorship promoted a positive connotation for the meanings of “politics” and “polices” among scientific community in Brazil. Although extremely politically active until the mid 60s, SBPC had showed intention of political impartiality, as if it would, otherwise, corrupt the scientific ethos. But, during the military dictatorship, SPBC began to exercise greater autonomy from government and also criticize the technocracy. In the 80s, SBPC assumes politics as essential to his conception of scientific culture and seeks to demonstrate to the public in Ciência Hoje, the centrality of science to shape public policies, supported by the national science. It is possible to identify, in Ciência Hoje, aspects of institutional relations between scientific societies, universities, development agencies and the government. As presented in the journal, these relations were proposed by SBPC through a nationalist model of development. This vehicle also showed up as relevant in the affirmation of science as culture, not anymore in competition with others, such as artistic, religious, et cetera, but opened to dialogue with others. The communication of science to the general public was strategic in this process and journal Ciência Hoje allowed more dialogues, incorporating new languages to inform the public and discuss national problematic situations, such as environmental issues (pollution and exploitation of natural resources) and social (poverty, indigenous issues, et cetera). In this paper we argue that the journal Ciência Hoje had a key role in providing visibility and recording an appreciation of scientists and theirs roles on the reconstruction of democracy in the eighties in Brazil.

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Increasing positive meanings of politics and science polices as those concepts were expressed in diferente fases of an important Brazilian journal

Marina Fonseca   Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Brazil

Bernardo Jefferson de Oliveira   Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Brazil

We discuss the role of Brazilian Society for the Advancement of Science (SBPC), during the process of democratization in Brazil, focusing our analysis in the journal Ciência Hoje. We are interested on the discussion of values of scientific culture. Ciência Hoje was created in 1982 by a group of scientists who aimed to promote scientific popularization. Meanings attributed to the journal by the editors about its initial success, suggest a strengthening of a science-democracy axis. SBPC has promoted discourses around that axis since its foundation (1948). However, during the military dictatorship, this axis had been strengthened as an explicit political position, progressively antagonistic to the government. It’s notable that SBPC‘s role in political resistance during Brazilian dictatorship promoted a positive connotation for the meanings of “politics” and “polices” among scientific community in Brazil. Although extremely politically active until the mid 60s, SBPC had showed intention of political impartiality, as if it would, otherwise, corrupt the scientific ethos. But, during the military dictatorship, SPBC began to exercise greater autonomy from government and also criticize the technocracy. In the 80s, SBPC assumes politics as essential to his conception of scientific culture and seeks to demonstrate to the public in Ciência Hoje, the centrality of science to shape public policies, supported by the national science. It is possible to identify, in Ciência Hoje, aspects of institutional relations between scientific societies, universities, development agencies and the government. As presented in the journal, these relations were proposed by SBPC through a nationalist model of development. This vehicle also showed up as relevant in the affirmation of science as culture, not anymore in competition with others, such as artistic, religious, et cetera, but opened to dialogue with others. The communication of science to the general public was strategic in this process and journal Ciência Hoje allowed more dialogues, incorporating new languages to inform the public and discuss national problematic situations, such as environmental issues (pollution and exploitation of natural resources) and social (poverty, indigenous issues, et cetera). In this paper we argue that the journal Ciência Hoje had a key role in providing visibility and recording an appreciation of scientists and theirs roles on the reconstruction of democracy in the eighties in Brazil.

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