Oil accounts for 43 % of the energy consumed on the planet which means presently be the main source of energy in the world. However, besides being a non-renewable source, which become increasingly scarce, its processing by refineries and petrochemical generates devastating impacts on the health and environment of the society and territories. Despite being a factor scientifically verified has invested in the construction of new oil refineries in various countries of the world. Against the background planetary combat the neoliberal project of economic development environmental movements emerge that envision a democratic future and organize communication using information technologies to expand their discussions in order both participation and social inclusion at the local level, such as support for an exchange in real-time globally. The capacity for mobilization, communication and sharing of information has also enabled the identification of environmental conflicts in different contexts like reaching expanses of space and time. This research aims to understand how environmental movements to face projects in the oil industry using cyberspace to spread their ideas and how they perceive the impact on health and environment in this context. The analysis was developed from the speech in websites of two movements of socio-cultural and economic contexts very different: the blog of Citizen Platform Refinería No, the region of Extremadura in Spain, a social movement formed after 2005 that could prevent the construction of Balboa refinery after years of struggle and Suape Forum: environmental space in Pernambuco-Brazil, has members who fight for the cause for more than three decades, but only consolidated as movement from 2012. It was found that such movements could not visibility in traditional media to internet enabled a horizontal communication through strategic networking. The formulation of a democratic movement and compatible with the preservation of life and the planet is consistent with the assumptions of sustainable development, the main argument incorporated by both movements, which advocate human development at the expense of the destruction of fauna and flora. In one aspect of dialogic communication and the possibilities it can be established between the public involved in movements that use the network is an essential tool for democracy and popular participation.

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The speech in environment and health through cyberactivism
A comparative analysis between the environment movements to confront the installation of oil refineries in Brazil and Spain

Mariana Santos   Centro de Pesquisa Aggeu MagalhãesFundação Oswaldo Cruz, Brazil

Renata Domingues   Centro de Pesquisas Aggeu Magalhães/Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Brazil

Antônio Neto   Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Brazil

Isaltina Gomes   Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Brazil

Ide Gurgel   Centro de Pesquisa Aggeu Magalhães-Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Brazil

Lia Augusto РCentro de Pesquisa Aggeu Magalḥes-Funda̤̣o Oswaldo Cruz, Brazil

Oil accounts for 43 % of the energy consumed on the planet which means presently be the main source of energy in the world. However, besides being a non-renewable source, which become increasingly scarce, its processing by refineries and petrochemical generates devastating impacts on the health and environment of the society and territories. Despite being a factor scientifically verified has invested in the construction of new oil refineries in various countries of the world. Against the background planetary combat the neoliberal project of economic development environmental movements emerge that envision a democratic future and organize communication using information technologies to expand their discussions in order both participation and social inclusion at the local level, such as support for an exchange in real-time globally. The capacity for mobilization, communication and sharing of information has also enabled the identification of environmental conflicts in different contexts like reaching expanses of space and time. This research aims to understand how environmental movements to face projects in the oil industry using cyberspace to spread their ideas and how they perceive the impact on health and environment in this context. The analysis was developed from the speech in websites of two movements of socio-cultural and economic contexts very different: the blog of Citizen Platform Refinería No, the region of Extremadura in Spain, a social movement formed after 2005 that could prevent the construction of Balboa refinery after years of struggle and Suape Forum: environmental space in Pernambuco-Brazil, has members who fight for the cause for more than three decades, but only consolidated as movement from 2012. It was found that such movements could not visibility in traditional media to internet enabled a horizontal communication through strategic networking. The formulation of a democratic movement and compatible with the preservation of life and the planet is consistent with the assumptions of sustainable development, the main argument incorporated by both movements, which advocate human development at the expense of the destruction of fauna and flora. In one aspect of dialogic communication and the possibilities it can be established between the public involved in movements that use the network is an essential tool for democracy and popular participation.

A copy of the full paper has not yet been submitted.

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