The goal of this study is to analyze scientific explainers or guides behaviors and interactions with the visitors to recognize their patterns, and to know if them could be relevant for understanding the social dynamic and communication in the science museums, so we could improve the Public Comprehension of Science and Scientific Culture in the visitors. In Mexico, the guides have existed to make the traditional practice of “the guided tour” and scientific demonstrations, which is supported and justified because the guides conducts the public through the museum to expand the knowledge and ideas of the exhibition and to fill the formal schooling gaps. This study uses the Observational Methodology to collect and analyze the behaviors guides. The strategy consisted of four phases. I. Observing all participate forms of the guides in the museum context: scientific demonstrations in the “Museum of the Light”,  Mexico City. II. Design of the Observational Methodology. It was created a Categories System which permitted to classified the behaviors. III. Observation and register of the behaviors from ten guides with three sessions of each one. At the end, there were analyzed more of 360 minutes to recording. IV. Register Analysis, was obtained absolutes and relatives frequencies for each behavior registered; Kappa Kohen and Chi square analysis. The results obtained: 1. The scientific demonstration suggests a logic structure of speech as a dynamic sequence done by the guides. 2. The scientific demonstration is based in one script to get the social interaction and perspective of the museum about how the scientific phenomena must be presented to the visitors. 3. Behavioral Patterns: The most important behaviors executed by the guides was “show” with a 29.2%; in second “inform” 16.6% and the third “explain” 7.8%. 4. The Sequence Structures have been characterized: I) Simple interaction. II) Complex interaction: Interaction of one-way; Interaction of a way with attachment behavior; Interaction of a way with variant theme. III. Two-way interaction with variant theme and behavioral accessory. IV. Active interaction: 4-way and attachment behavior. Conclusions. It is possible recognizing continuous and predictable behaviors, structures and sequences when the guides make scientific demonstrations. These showing the evolution  of explainers and could be a
sound basis to develop a specific formation program.

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Public Communication of Science and Technology

 

Analysis of the behaviors patterns of the guides in the science museums for the scientific demonstration
Establishing basis for their training

Patricia Aguilera Jiménez   Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico

The goal of this study is to analyze scientific explainers or guides behaviors and interactions with the visitors to recognize their patterns, and to know if them could be relevant for understanding the social dynamic and communication in the science museums, so we could improve the Public Comprehension of Science and Scientific Culture in the visitors. In Mexico, the guides have existed to make the traditional practice of “the guided tour” and scientific demonstrations, which is supported and justified because the guides conducts the public through the museum to expand the knowledge and ideas of the exhibition and to fill the formal schooling gaps. This study uses the Observational Methodology to collect and analyze the behaviors guides. The strategy consisted of four phases. I. Observing all participate forms of the guides in the museum context: scientific demonstrations in the “Museum of the Light”,  Mexico City. II. Design of the Observational Methodology. It was created a Categories System which permitted to classified the behaviors. III. Observation and register of the behaviors from ten guides with three sessions of each one. At the end, there were analyzed more of 360 minutes to recording. IV. Register Analysis, was obtained absolutes and relatives frequencies for each behavior registered; Kappa Kohen and Chi square analysis. The results obtained: 1. The scientific demonstration suggests a logic structure of speech as a dynamic sequence done by the guides. 2. The scientific demonstration is based in one script to get the social interaction and perspective of the museum about how the scientific phenomena must be presented to the visitors. 3. Behavioral Patterns: The most important behaviors executed by the guides was “show” with a 29.2%; in second “inform” 16.6% and the third “explain” 7.8%. 4. The Sequence Structures have been characterized: I) Simple interaction. II) Complex interaction: Interaction of one-way; Interaction of a way with attachment behavior; Interaction of a way with variant theme. III. Two-way interaction with variant theme and behavioral accessory. IV. Active interaction: 4-way and attachment behavior. Conclusions. It is possible recognizing continuous and predictable behaviors, structures and sequences when the guides make scientific demonstrations. These showing the evolution  of explainers and could be a
sound basis to develop a specific formation program.

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