Dengue and the importance of communication as a factor prevention and control in the city of Bucaramanga, Colombia
Antonia Moreno Cano
Dengue is a challenge to public health in the world. More than two fifths of the world population live in areas at risk and over 100 countries have reported the presence of this disease in its territory, among which is Colombia.
This project presents the results of an investigation carried out during 2012 and 2013 in the city of Bucaramanga (Colombia), for the purpose of determining the degree of knowledge among bumangueses through the media, dengue disease, its manifestations and factors of transmission and prevention. For this, an online survey of 1,212 citizens of the metropolitan area, men and women over 17 years, with different levels of study and wage income was made.
The bumangueses know that the disease transmission occurs through the mosquito (79%) but do not know other preventive measures to reduce the incidence of disease such as the use of masks (34%), mosquito nets to sleep (28%) , washing hands before eating and after using the bathroom (23%) or in a timely medical consultation-law the early symptoms (22%) are presented. They receive information about the disease primarily through television (80%) and Internet (79%). They have received medical care and dengue were among the last six months and one year (23%) or any of their family members (58%).
The World Health Organization (WHO) and the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) has established four principles needed to control dengue: political will; intersectoral coordination; active community participation and strengthening of national health laws. Under these assumptions, the health sector and governments should promote information campaigns and outreach, staff training, monitoring and control of vector control to achieve an early and accurate diagnosis to avoid deaths.
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