With the social progress, public demand for science popularization is getting higher and higher. As an important national science popularization infrastructure, China Science and Technology Museum is facing unprecedented opportunities and challenges. To meet the requirements of the times, continuously strive to raise the standards of our works, and achieve sustainable development, we must accurately locate its social role. Firstly, this paper analyses the goal, features and functions of China Science and Technology Museum. As a non-formal educational institution, China Science and Technology Museum aims at propagating scientific knowledge, disseminating scientific spirit and methods, and promoting scientific thoughts and concepts. It is open, participatory, situational, educational, scientific and interesting for the public. And it has such three basic functions as educational function, service function and support function. Secondly combining with practical work, this paper turns to explore the social role of China Science and Technology Museum. In general, China Science and Technology Museum should be located multiple roles, the explanation is as follows: (1) The disseminator of science knowledge. Propagating scientific knowledge is fundamental function of science and technology museum, China Science and Technology Museum has been developing diversified educational activities on top of perfecting the standing exhibition in past over 20 years, so it is a lifetime classroom for the public. (2) The guide of scientific interest and scientific concepts. Disseminating scientific spirit and methods is even more important than propagating scientific knowledge. With a series of activities, China Science and Technology Museum make public have a good command of science method and skills, and understand the scientific spirit and humanistic spirit. (3) The communicator between the public and the scientists. China Science and Technology Museum tries to encourage technological and cultural exchanges between the public and the scientists, so as to promote the voluntary participation and foster social responsibility of the public. (4) The partner and supporter of other educational systems. Science and technology museum is a useful supplement and extension for school education, China Science and Technology Museum is not only a good place to study for students, but also a helpful place to attend scientific and technical training and improve their ability for teachers. (5) The vanguard and service provider of local science and technology museums in China. China Science and Technology Museum should provide a series service such as consultation and guidance for the local museums. (6) The theory research center for the science and technology museums. Academic research is beneficial to develop high degree of exhibitions and activities, and achieve an advanced class in the world. (7) The collector and exegete of historical collections. As a national museum, China Science and Technology Museum has the duty to preserve and present the historical collections, and promote national science and culture history.

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Public Communication of Science and Technology

 

Discussion on the social role of China science and technology museum

Shanshan Wang  

With the social progress, public demand for science popularization is getting higher and higher. As an important national science popularization infrastructure, China Science and Technology Museum is facing unprecedented opportunities and challenges. To meet the requirements of the times, continuously strive to raise the standards of our works, and achieve sustainable development, we must accurately locate its social role. Firstly, this paper analyses the goal, features and functions of China Science and Technology Museum. As a non-formal educational institution, China Science and Technology Museum aims at propagating scientific knowledge, disseminating scientific spirit and methods, and promoting scientific thoughts and concepts. It is open, participatory, situational, educational, scientific and interesting for the public. And it has such three basic functions as educational function, service function and support function. Secondly combining with practical work, this paper turns to explore the social role of China Science and Technology Museum. In general, China Science and Technology Museum should be located multiple roles, the explanation is as follows: (1) The disseminator of science knowledge. Propagating scientific knowledge is fundamental function of science and technology museum, China Science and Technology Museum has been developing diversified educational activities on top of perfecting the standing exhibition in past over 20 years, so it is a lifetime classroom for the public. (2) The guide of scientific interest and scientific concepts. Disseminating scientific spirit and methods is even more important than propagating scientific knowledge. With a series of activities, China Science and Technology Museum make public have a good command of science method and skills, and understand the scientific spirit and humanistic spirit. (3) The communicator between the public and the scientists. China Science and Technology Museum tries to encourage technological and cultural exchanges between the public and the scientists, so as to promote the voluntary participation and foster social responsibility of the public. (4) The partner and supporter of other educational systems. Science and technology museum is a useful supplement and extension for school education, China Science and Technology Museum is not only a good place to study for students, but also a helpful place to attend scientific and technical training and improve their ability for teachers. (5) The vanguard and service provider of local science and technology museums in China. China Science and Technology Museum should provide a series service such as consultation and guidance for the local museums. (6) The theory research center for the science and technology museums. Academic research is beneficial to develop high degree of exhibitions and activities, and achieve an advanced class in the world. (7) The collector and exegete of historical collections. As a national museum, China Science and Technology Museum has the duty to preserve and present the historical collections, and promote national science and culture history.

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