The academic and research field is always under pressure because copyright is at the core of Intellectual Property (IP) and exist different opinions on the enforcement (or not) of rights owners on the new digital products. Educational institutions and educational publishers implement digital platforms to make the different educational content (eContent) available. These materials are made available through web content systems that implement the necessary access control mechanisms that give access to the platform or to content. This is the typical scenario. However, after the content has been released from the platform perimeter (after a successful access control authentication), the control over the content usage distribution and modification generally don’t exist.

In academic field “fair use” - law that permits limited uses and reproduction of copyrighted materials without the owner’s permission like use of a work for scientific or teaching purposes - is the current and commonly accepted doctrine but sometimes is misunderstood and author rights are not easily respected. Fair use is the safety valve of copyright because without it, copyrights foundational propose to promote learning, advance knowledge, and the progress of science would be useless.

eContent IP rights are also a property right which means the owner can assert to third parties it and transfer rights to others creating a complex layer of rights that sometimes could conflict. Relationships among them are depicted below:

At academic institutions the most basic right which most people wants to preserve is the right of attribution. And to preserve that when other people reuse content we must do one thing: references of the original author by citrating him. There are currently some technological measures that are able to enforce appropriate rights management mechanisms. However, these rights management measures are controversial and the application of these systems has to ponder the complex and contradictory pros and cons of such solutions. This usually results in two very different directions: the open access movement approach and the rights protection and management approach. In this paper, some eContent usage scenarios on science communication, eContent lifecycle steps and stages and some important issues concerning intellectual property like usage privacy and the factors that affect both of the above mentioned directions are presented. Also, the paper identifies, describes and discusses the implications and impact the usage of rights management solutions/technologies could have in some academic sectors that have an important role on science/knowledge communication like academic administrative activities, e-education and digital content libraries.

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Public Communication of Science and Technology

 

Intellectual property on knowledge based content
Challenges to science communication

Joaquim Marques   IPCB/EST

Carlos Serrão   ISCTE-IUL/DCTI/Adetti-IUL

The academic and research field is always under pressure because copyright is at the core of Intellectual Property (IP) and exist different opinions on the enforcement (or not) of rights owners on the new digital products. Educational institutions and educational publishers implement digital platforms to make the different educational content (eContent) available. These materials are made available through web content systems that implement the necessary access control mechanisms that give access to the platform or to content. This is the typical scenario. However, after the content has been released from the platform perimeter (after a successful access control authentication), the control over the content usage distribution and modification generally don’t exist.

In academic field “fair use” - law that permits limited uses and reproduction of copyrighted materials without the owner’s permission like use of a work for scientific or teaching purposes - is the current and commonly accepted doctrine but sometimes is misunderstood and author rights are not easily respected. Fair use is the safety valve of copyright because without it, copyrights foundational propose to promote learning, advance knowledge, and the progress of science would be useless.

eContent IP rights are also a property right which means the owner can assert to third parties it and transfer rights to others creating a complex layer of rights that sometimes could conflict. Relationships among them are depicted below:

At academic institutions the most basic right which most people wants to preserve is the right of attribution. And to preserve that when other people reuse content we must do one thing: references of the original author by citrating him. There are currently some technological measures that are able to enforce appropriate rights management mechanisms. However, these rights management measures are controversial and the application of these systems has to ponder the complex and contradictory pros and cons of such solutions. This usually results in two very different directions: the open access movement approach and the rights protection and management approach. In this paper, some eContent usage scenarios on science communication, eContent lifecycle steps and stages and some important issues concerning intellectual property like usage privacy and the factors that affect both of the above mentioned directions are presented. Also, the paper identifies, describes and discusses the implications and impact the usage of rights management solutions/technologies could have in some academic sectors that have an important role on science/knowledge communication like academic administrative activities, e-education and digital content libraries.

A copy of the full paper has not yet been submitted.

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