Bibliometric, scientometric and infometrics studies indicate that Brazilian scientists and researchers are increasingly communicating the results of their research using scientific indexed publications. Factors contributing to this reality are the relatively recent increase in the number of new peer-reviewed journals published in Brazil in the last years, and due particularly, since 1997, to the creation and development in Brazil of the Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO). With SciELO was created new mechanisms for evaluating scientific publications, complementary to the traditional Institute for Scientific Information (ISI) and spent to produce indicators of use and impact of scientific journals published on the Internet following the SciELO methodology. As English is the predominant internationally language both in scientific circles as in scientific publications, the SciELO’s proposal allows the projection and the increase of the visibility of Brazilian scientific production, as well as of Latin America due the indexation of journals in Portuguese and Spanish.

The Objective of this research is to begin an exploration about public communication of science on the part of Brazilian science producing centers, mostly located in the graduate programs of public universities. Since the strict criteria of scientific communication are already consolidated among Brazilian researchers and scientists, it was established as a proposal of this research to investigate how these researchers and scientists respond to the demand of the Knowledge Society by a public communication of science and technology.

It was chosen the methodological approach of a survey with Graduate Programs in Public Health (GPPH) offered in Brazil and recognized by the Coordination of Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES), linked directly to the Ministry of Education of Brazil. During the National Forum of Coordinators of GPPH held in May, 2010 at the School of Public Health, University of São Paulo (SPH-USP), was applied to the coordinators a semistructured questionnaire after that it was analyzed the answer to the question: For you what is public communication of science? Among 41 coordinators, 33 answered the questionnaire.

Three categories of conception of public communication of science and technology (PCST) were found: (1) PCST understood as communication among peers, (2) PCST understood as science communication as extending to the society without necessarily a treatment of language employed in the information transmission and (3) PCST understood as a communication expressed in public language representing at the same time a challenge and also an obligation to scientists and to researchers.

 Preliminary conclusions of the analysis of the first stage of this research indicate that the PCST is part of a non-explicit agenda of GGPH that does not constitute at moment a communication policy of those programs. The questionnaire is part of a doctoral research in development at SPH-USP that was approved by the local Ethics Committee (Research Protocol No. 2072). A second stage of the doctoral project that study the PCST production in the GPPH will apply a supplementary questionnaire and interviews that will provide a detailed analysis about the PCST at GGPH recognized by CAPES.

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 [PCST]
PCST Network

Public Communication of Science and Technology

 

Perception of coordinators of graduate programs in public health about public science communication

Carlos Teixeira   Centro Universitário Adventista de São Paulo

Paulo Gallo   Faculdade de Saúde Pública-Universidade de São Paulo

Bibliometric, scientometric and infometrics studies indicate that Brazilian scientists and researchers are increasingly communicating the results of their research using scientific indexed publications. Factors contributing to this reality are the relatively recent increase in the number of new peer-reviewed journals published in Brazil in the last years, and due particularly, since 1997, to the creation and development in Brazil of the Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO). With SciELO was created new mechanisms for evaluating scientific publications, complementary to the traditional Institute for Scientific Information (ISI) and spent to produce indicators of use and impact of scientific journals published on the Internet following the SciELO methodology. As English is the predominant internationally language both in scientific circles as in scientific publications, the SciELO’s proposal allows the projection and the increase of the visibility of Brazilian scientific production, as well as of Latin America due the indexation of journals in Portuguese and Spanish.

The Objective of this research is to begin an exploration about public communication of science on the part of Brazilian science producing centers, mostly located in the graduate programs of public universities. Since the strict criteria of scientific communication are already consolidated among Brazilian researchers and scientists, it was established as a proposal of this research to investigate how these researchers and scientists respond to the demand of the Knowledge Society by a public communication of science and technology.

It was chosen the methodological approach of a survey with Graduate Programs in Public Health (GPPH) offered in Brazil and recognized by the Coordination of Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES), linked directly to the Ministry of Education of Brazil. During the National Forum of Coordinators of GPPH held in May, 2010 at the School of Public Health, University of São Paulo (SPH-USP), was applied to the coordinators a semistructured questionnaire after that it was analyzed the answer to the question: For you what is public communication of science? Among 41 coordinators, 33 answered the questionnaire.

Three categories of conception of public communication of science and technology (PCST) were found: (1) PCST understood as communication among peers, (2) PCST understood as science communication as extending to the society without necessarily a treatment of language employed in the information transmission and (3) PCST understood as a communication expressed in public language representing at the same time a challenge and also an obligation to scientists and to researchers.

 Preliminary conclusions of the analysis of the first stage of this research indicate that the PCST is part of a non-explicit agenda of GGPH that does not constitute at moment a communication policy of those programs. The questionnaire is part of a doctoral research in development at SPH-USP that was approved by the local Ethics Committee (Research Protocol No. 2072). A second stage of the doctoral project that study the PCST production in the GPPH will apply a supplementary questionnaire and interviews that will provide a detailed analysis about the PCST at GGPH recognized by CAPES.

A copy of the full paper has not yet been submitted.

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