As one of the most important places for science popularization, science museums undertake an important task to enhance scientific literacy of the nation. But so far, it’s still not clear about the concept of scientific literacy, and how to establish a clear path for reinforcing quality education. Considering the experiences of education activities for science museum, the authors try to give an concrete, easily operated concept to“scientific literacy”, three dimensions for which including scientific thinking, scientific spirit and scientific approaches are discussed in detail. The authors divided scientific thinking into two levels in this paper. The first level was considered as the reasonable ideas about the general law governing the nature and the existence and development of human society, such as the thoughts about materialism, development and universal constant. The second level was considered as the scientific consciousness and the way of thinking embodied in people’s activities about science research, technology development and industrial innovation, such as the crisis consciousness, economy consciousness, critical thinking, reverse thinking and so on. The analysis and division will help transformation of the abstract scientific ideas into specific content to facilitate the implementation. This will contribute very much to audience education in science museums. Science museums can cultivate the scientific thinking by organizing various activities, such as the debate, the science drama and the role playing games. The spirit of science is also divided into two levels: the first level is considered as the spirit when we deal with the relationship between the human and the nature, such as the brave exploration spirit, the skeptical spirit, the critical spirit and so on; the second level is considered as the spirit when we deal with the relationship between the humans, such as the cooperation spirit, the wolf spirit, the tolerance spirit and so on. Thus, abstract spirits of science have been materialized into the concrete ideas to facilitate the implementation. Science museums can cultivate the spirit of science by the organization of lively forms of activities, such as the scientific experiments, the outward development and other games. The scientific approaches are divided into three levels: the first level is the basic method each subject disciplines used, as the spectrometry widely used in the physics; the second level is the universal method used by all science researches, such as the empirical method, the numerical method, the logical reasoning and so on; the highest level is the philosophic method, which regarded as the guidelines, such as the method of case by case. Thus, abstract science approaches have been materialized and carried out. Furthermore, through cognitive and psychological analysis, the authors divided the visitors in the museums into five types: the children, the teenagers, the youngsters, the middle-aged and the old folks. The detailed and feasible suggestions are put forward to enhance different people’s qualities by educational activities in science museums.

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Public Communication of Science and Technology

 

Study on the strategies for science museums to develop the public’ s scientific literacy

Jinjing Long  

Zise Wang  

As one of the most important places for science popularization, science museums undertake an important task to enhance scientific literacy of the nation. But so far, it’s still not clear about the concept of scientific literacy, and how to establish a clear path for reinforcing quality education. Considering the experiences of education activities for science museum, the authors try to give an concrete, easily operated concept to“scientific literacy”, three dimensions for which including scientific thinking, scientific spirit and scientific approaches are discussed in detail. The authors divided scientific thinking into two levels in this paper. The first level was considered as the reasonable ideas about the general law governing the nature and the existence and development of human society, such as the thoughts about materialism, development and universal constant. The second level was considered as the scientific consciousness and the way of thinking embodied in people’s activities about science research, technology development and industrial innovation, such as the crisis consciousness, economy consciousness, critical thinking, reverse thinking and so on. The analysis and division will help transformation of the abstract scientific ideas into specific content to facilitate the implementation. This will contribute very much to audience education in science museums. Science museums can cultivate the scientific thinking by organizing various activities, such as the debate, the science drama and the role playing games. The spirit of science is also divided into two levels: the first level is considered as the spirit when we deal with the relationship between the human and the nature, such as the brave exploration spirit, the skeptical spirit, the critical spirit and so on; the second level is considered as the spirit when we deal with the relationship between the humans, such as the cooperation spirit, the wolf spirit, the tolerance spirit and so on. Thus, abstract spirits of science have been materialized into the concrete ideas to facilitate the implementation. Science museums can cultivate the spirit of science by the organization of lively forms of activities, such as the scientific experiments, the outward development and other games. The scientific approaches are divided into three levels: the first level is the basic method each subject disciplines used, as the spectrometry widely used in the physics; the second level is the universal method used by all science researches, such as the empirical method, the numerical method, the logical reasoning and so on; the highest level is the philosophic method, which regarded as the guidelines, such as the method of case by case. Thus, abstract science approaches have been materialized and carried out. Furthermore, through cognitive and psychological analysis, the authors divided the visitors in the museums into five types: the children, the teenagers, the youngsters, the middle-aged and the old folks. The detailed and feasible suggestions are put forward to enhance different people’s qualities by educational activities in science museums.

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