By the end of 19th century, the word and concept of science was transplanted into China from Japan. Chinese people accepted the concept of science as the studies of each fields such as physics, chemistry or biology. At the beginning of 20th century, some Chinese students got the funds of boxer indemnity to study in America, especially those who studied in Conwell University became aware of the true concept of Science that Science was only refer to each field of research but also or more important, the system of exploration of the nature with observation, hypotheses, experiment, open to colleagues for study with the data and conditions that the results were made. And more important, science was a methodology of universal study of the nature and society, etc. They organized Science Society of China and started publishing a magazine “Ke Xue” (“Science”) in Chinese in 1915 with the objective that trying to introduce the whole concept of Science to Chinese in China.

After the founding of new China in 1949, all the organizations of scientists were mainstreamed into Chinese Union of Natural Scientists and Chinese Union of Popularization of Natural Sciences. They learned the experiences of science popularization activities in Soviet Union in 1950s when Sino-Soviet was in good relations. Mr. Hua Luo-geng was one of them who communicating basic mathematics as optimization to the industrial workers that could be used in practice. He did not stop popularizing the mathematic methods even during the Cultural Revolution.

In the editorial of People’s Daily in 1994 and the Law of Science Popularization in 2002 the government encouraged the scientists to communicate science to the public to combat the superstition and pseudo-science. Chinese Academy of Sciences the top institution of science researches was encouraged to going out to do science communication.

The development of science and technology is getting fast in recent years in China but more and more controversial issues and events that coursed the public skeptical towards science such as the approval of Genetically Modified Rice planting in large fields and the chemical plants that were being tried to built at the area that thought threatened the citizens lives and the environment. The scientists played different roles in these events. I will talk about the roles they are playing during the discussion and events and the data we got from surveys of Chinese scientists towards science communication.

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Public Communication of Science and Technology

 

The role of Chinese scientists in science communication

Daguang LI   China Research Center,International Center for the Advancement of Scientific Literacy,Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences

By the end of 19th century, the word and concept of science was transplanted into China from Japan. Chinese people accepted the concept of science as the studies of each fields such as physics, chemistry or biology. At the beginning of 20th century, some Chinese students got the funds of boxer indemnity to study in America, especially those who studied in Conwell University became aware of the true concept of Science that Science was only refer to each field of research but also or more important, the system of exploration of the nature with observation, hypotheses, experiment, open to colleagues for study with the data and conditions that the results were made. And more important, science was a methodology of universal study of the nature and society, etc. They organized Science Society of China and started publishing a magazine “Ke Xue” (“Science”) in Chinese in 1915 with the objective that trying to introduce the whole concept of Science to Chinese in China.

After the founding of new China in 1949, all the organizations of scientists were mainstreamed into Chinese Union of Natural Scientists and Chinese Union of Popularization of Natural Sciences. They learned the experiences of science popularization activities in Soviet Union in 1950s when Sino-Soviet was in good relations. Mr. Hua Luo-geng was one of them who communicating basic mathematics as optimization to the industrial workers that could be used in practice. He did not stop popularizing the mathematic methods even during the Cultural Revolution.

In the editorial of People’s Daily in 1994 and the Law of Science Popularization in 2002 the government encouraged the scientists to communicate science to the public to combat the superstition and pseudo-science. Chinese Academy of Sciences the top institution of science researches was encouraged to going out to do science communication.

The development of science and technology is getting fast in recent years in China but more and more controversial issues and events that coursed the public skeptical towards science such as the approval of Genetically Modified Rice planting in large fields and the chemical plants that were being tried to built at the area that thought threatened the citizens lives and the environment. The scientists played different roles in these events. I will talk about the roles they are playing during the discussion and events and the data we got from surveys of Chinese scientists towards science communication.

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