Television and the press have a major impact on public awareness of environmental issues. Sociological surveys in France indicate that citizens are becoming more concerned with environmental protection issues although they may not necessarily become environment activists individually or collectively.

Although reception studies did not reveal whether the media had or did not have a significant impact on the attitudes of readers and viewers, we can nevertheless investigate the way television and the press reflect the events which in turn make up the concept of environment. The media actually do more than just reflecting a reality, rather they will make it up according to their own vision of the world, which only partially matches that of recipients. Such a construction is based on a combination of various practices of information distribution, i.e. voluntarily selecting individual pieces of information (every medium will make a selection of the information to be released), taking a standpoint through subjective judgements and appreciation, the enunciative presence of the media as well as the function they assume in delivering a discourse which in turn gives us information as to their relationship with their recipients. In the case of television, there is also a visual construction through the image medium (choosing filming strategies, successive shots...) which means that the news are shaped by an intentional construction of reality.

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Air pollution as an example
The treatment of environmental issues by the media

Akila Nedjar   CNRS Laboratoire Communication et Politique

Television and the press have a major impact on public awareness of environmental issues. Sociological surveys in France indicate that citizens are becoming more concerned with environmental protection issues although they may not necessarily become environment activists individually or collectively.

Although reception studies did not reveal whether the media had or did not have a significant impact on the attitudes of readers and viewers, we can nevertheless investigate the way television and the press reflect the events which in turn make up the concept of environment. The media actually do more than just reflecting a reality, rather they will make it up according to their own vision of the world, which only partially matches that of recipients. Such a construction is based on a combination of various practices of information distribution, i.e. voluntarily selecting individual pieces of information (every medium will make a selection of the information to be released), taking a standpoint through subjective judgements and appreciation, the enunciative presence of the media as well as the function they assume in delivering a discourse which in turn gives us information as to their relationship with their recipients. In the case of television, there is also a visual construction through the image medium (choosing filming strategies, successive shots...) which means that the news are shaped by an intentional construction of reality.

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