China Association for Science and Technology launched 8th Chinese civic scientific literacy survey, which was the largest survey in history with the sample size of 68416. The survey measured the Chinese public attitude towards science and technology through a battery of statements on science, technology and environment to which respondents were asked if they agreed or disagreed. The purpose of this paper was to investigate the Chinese public attitudes towards science and technology. Through the data analysis we obtained the status of Chinese public attitudes towards S&T and came up with suggestions on how to promote the public having the correct image of science and technology.

The findings of the study are: (1) Most of the Chinese citizens keep a positive attitude towards science and technology. The views of Chinese on the wider effect of science and technology on society are also positive especially the effect of science and technology on the work and human health. (2) Most of the Chinese citizens show their support to basic scientific research and they agree that scientists should participate in science communication to get people to know more about the new development of science research. About experiment animals, more than a half of the respondents in China agree that scientists can be allowed to use animals to do experiments like dogs and monkeys if they can produce new information about serious human health problems. (3) When asked about the effect of science and technology on environment, we find a public divide in attitudes held by Chinese citizens. (4) The opinions of Chinese citizens and EU citizens differ greatly. Chinese citizens hold more positive attitudes than the European citizens towards S&T. (5) Highly educated citizens have clearer cognition about the benefits and limitations of science and technology on human beings and society comparing to lowly educated citizens, and also are more rational. (6) We should put more efforts to investigate the factors affecting the attitudes towards science and technology and to improve the public science literacy.

">
 [PCST]
PCST Network

Public Communication of Science and Technology

 

The analysis study of Chinese public attitudes towards science and technology from 2010 civic scientific literacy survey in China

Xiuju Li   China Research Institute for Science Popularization

Hongbin Gao   China Research Institute for Science Popularization

Fujun Ren   China Research Institute for Science Popularization

China Association for Science and Technology launched 8th Chinese civic scientific literacy survey, which was the largest survey in history with the sample size of 68416. The survey measured the Chinese public attitude towards science and technology through a battery of statements on science, technology and environment to which respondents were asked if they agreed or disagreed. The purpose of this paper was to investigate the Chinese public attitudes towards science and technology. Through the data analysis we obtained the status of Chinese public attitudes towards S&T and came up with suggestions on how to promote the public having the correct image of science and technology.

The findings of the study are: (1) Most of the Chinese citizens keep a positive attitude towards science and technology. The views of Chinese on the wider effect of science and technology on society are also positive especially the effect of science and technology on the work and human health. (2) Most of the Chinese citizens show their support to basic scientific research and they agree that scientists should participate in science communication to get people to know more about the new development of science research. About experiment animals, more than a half of the respondents in China agree that scientists can be allowed to use animals to do experiments like dogs and monkeys if they can produce new information about serious human health problems. (3) When asked about the effect of science and technology on environment, we find a public divide in attitudes held by Chinese citizens. (4) The opinions of Chinese citizens and EU citizens differ greatly. Chinese citizens hold more positive attitudes than the European citizens towards S&T. (5) Highly educated citizens have clearer cognition about the benefits and limitations of science and technology on human beings and society comparing to lowly educated citizens, and also are more rational. (6) We should put more efforts to investigate the factors affecting the attitudes towards science and technology and to improve the public science literacy.

[PDF 89.81 kB]Download the full paper (PDF 89.81 kB)

BACK TO TOP