The Japanese survey of the public understanding of science and technology has made some impacts to Japanese society. The fact struck the public communicators of science and technology, such as, mass media, museum staff, science educators, that, in terms of the public understanding of science and technology, the Japanese public is inferior to the public of the major industrialized countries. In order to search the factors to affect the public understanding of science and technology, the researcher has conducted the secondary analysis of the survey data. This paper will review the major result of the Japanese survey in 1991 and 2001, and introduce the social impact of public communication of science and technology. In addition the paper introduces some results from recent secondary analyses of the survey. The paper will introduce the results concerning on the following: 1) Impact of the Japanese School Science Curriculum, 2) Effectiveness of the Miller’s 3 dimensional Model of Scientific Literacy, 3) Typology variable for the degree of information access to the media and museums, 4) Model of the development of scientific literacy. Based on these results of analysis, the researcher will discuss about the effective method of public communication of science and technology in Japan.

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Public Communication of Science and Technology

 

Some findings of the Secondary Analysis of the surveys on Japanese Public understanding of science and technology

Kinya SHIMIZU   Graduate School of International Development and Cooperation, Hiroshima University

The Japanese survey of the public understanding of science and technology has made some impacts to Japanese society. The fact struck the public communicators of science and technology, such as, mass media, museum staff, science educators, that, in terms of the public understanding of science and technology, the Japanese public is inferior to the public of the major industrialized countries. In order to search the factors to affect the public understanding of science and technology, the researcher has conducted the secondary analysis of the survey data. This paper will review the major result of the Japanese survey in 1991 and 2001, and introduce the social impact of public communication of science and technology. In addition the paper introduces some results from recent secondary analyses of the survey. The paper will introduce the results concerning on the following: 1) Impact of the Japanese School Science Curriculum, 2) Effectiveness of the Miller’s 3 dimensional Model of Scientific Literacy, 3) Typology variable for the degree of information access to the media and museums, 4) Model of the development of scientific literacy. Based on these results of analysis, the researcher will discuss about the effective method of public communication of science and technology in Japan.

A copy of the full paper has not yet been submitted.

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