It  is  decided  that  the  rural  science  popularization  makes  an  important  role  in  Chinese  science communication. 

The  basic  tasks  of  Chinese  rural  science  popularization  are:  raising  the  scientific  and technological literacy of farmers; promoting the enhancement of agricultural productivities, and etc.   Taking science popularization as one of its major tasks, China Association for Science and Technology  (CAST)  has  been  greatly  devoting  to  the  development  of  Chinese  rural  science popularization programs since 1950's. CAST and its member societies and branch organizations in  every  level  accompanied  with  scientists,  go  deeply  into  the  farm  and  make  communication and  co-operation  with  farmers,  and  apply  the  research  results  to  agriculture,  through  training, pilot  projects,  communication  activities  and  service.  The  main  way  that  CAST do rural  science popularization  projects  is:  first  step,  the  societies  and  branch  organizations  of  CAST  organize scientists  train  cadre  men  and  farmer  with  knowledge  and  to  teach  them  production  techniques and show them new breeds; second step, support some farmers to do experimentation works and show to others or exchange with others; third step, supply technique and information services to farmers by all kinds of rural special technology association. All these methods will be introduced in this paper.

From the data of CAST, there are 170 national societies, 50000 full time science popularization staffers, and associated 12 million scientists and millions of volunteers of science popularization. There  are  2528  associations  for  science  and  technology  in  county  level,  35000  associations  for science  and  technology  in  town  level,  and  107  thousand  rural  special  technology  associations and relate 7.75 million farmers. Associations for science and technology in every level held 2.19 million  training  classes,  trained  124  million  farmers,  there  are  69.53  million  cadre  farmers  in them  from  1995-1999.  According  to  the  stat  of  CAST  in  1999,  there  are  103  pilot  counties  in nation  level  and  300  in  province  level,  8165  pilot  towns,  310  thousand  pilot  village,  933 thousand pilot farmers and 17 thousand pilot bases, and spread 26.6 thousand new techniques.

Chinese  rural  science  popularization  is  in  face  of  a  very  good  development opportunity  and  also  barges  up  against  a  lot  of  problems  before  the  new  situation. Such as, need to re-consider the method of training, pilot and service. All these will be discussed in this paper.

 
 

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 [PCST]
PCST Network

Public Communication of Science and Technology

 

Scientists and farmers
Chinese rural science popularization

Wei Lou   Department of Science Popularization, China Association for Science and Technology

Donghong Cheng   Department of Science Popularization, China Association for Science and Technology

It  is  decided  that  the  rural  science  popularization  makes  an  important  role  in  Chinese  science communication. 

The  basic  tasks  of  Chinese  rural  science  popularization  are:  raising  the  scientific  and technological literacy of farmers; promoting the enhancement of agricultural productivities, and etc.   Taking science popularization as one of its major tasks, China Association for Science and Technology  (CAST)  has  been  greatly  devoting  to  the  development  of  Chinese  rural  science popularization programs since 1950's. CAST and its member societies and branch organizations in  every  level  accompanied  with  scientists,  go  deeply  into  the  farm  and  make  communication and  co-operation  with  farmers,  and  apply  the  research  results  to  agriculture,  through  training, pilot  projects,  communication  activities  and  service.  The  main  way  that  CAST do rural  science popularization  projects  is:  first  step,  the  societies  and  branch  organizations  of  CAST  organize scientists  train  cadre  men  and  farmer  with  knowledge  and  to  teach  them  production  techniques and show them new breeds; second step, support some farmers to do experimentation works and show to others or exchange with others; third step, supply technique and information services to farmers by all kinds of rural special technology association. All these methods will be introduced in this paper.

From the data of CAST, there are 170 national societies, 50000 full time science popularization staffers, and associated 12 million scientists and millions of volunteers of science popularization. There  are  2528  associations  for  science  and  technology  in  county  level,  35000  associations  for science  and  technology  in  town  level,  and  107  thousand  rural  special  technology  associations and relate 7.75 million farmers. Associations for science and technology in every level held 2.19 million  training  classes,  trained  124  million  farmers,  there  are  69.53  million  cadre  farmers  in them  from  1995-1999.  According  to  the  stat  of  CAST  in  1999,  there  are  103  pilot  counties  in nation  level  and  300  in  province  level,  8165  pilot  towns,  310  thousand  pilot  village,  933 thousand pilot farmers and 17 thousand pilot bases, and spread 26.6 thousand new techniques.

Chinese  rural  science  popularization  is  in  face  of  a  very  good  development opportunity  and  also  barges  up  against  a  lot  of  problems  before  the  new  situation. Such as, need to re-consider the method of training, pilot and service. All these will be discussed in this paper.

 
 

A copy of the full paper has not yet been submitted.

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