Objective: The attention to the vulnerable groups is a compromise that the centers and museums of science must assume in their role of social change agents, offering non formal spaces of education which allow them the access to the scientific knowledge and technological improvement that impact their daily lives and allow them to have a belonging and inclusion feeling into the social conglomerate. But the real efficient atention is trhought a special knowledge communication according to their special needs. Methods: At the Universum Museo de las Ciencias, UNAM, the attention of the vulnerable groups is one of the social tasks which, in the last years, has been made both inside as outside of its facilities, getting the knowledge of the science closer to this social sector. This labor is developed through a specialized area that maintains contact with public, social and private institutions which give attention to these groups, like schools, penitentiary centers, civil society organizations and foundations. The special area in museum planning guided visits with scholar hosts who do the guiding labor at the museum, qualified in areas such as disability, sign language and Braille writing/reading, but with specialized thematic routes by each kind of disability, or workshops and science demonstrations which are presented up to their places of residence like marginated communities, readaptation institutions, in the case of infractors, or reintegration centers. Results: These organizations find at the Universum a complementary space of their labor, as the museum contributes to the social inclusion of the vulnerable groups through their approach and science diffusion according to the special needs of each group. Conclusions: The vulnerable groups, like people with disabilities, elderly ones, children and young ones who live in the street and infractors, represent in Mexico around the 20% of the population’s total (21 million people), most of them do not have access to the scholar systems, being totally excluded from scientific culture. So the Science Centers and Museums have a great opportunity to be inclusion promoters that allow, through the diffusion of science, to offer new development expectations to the societies in which they are inserted, and specially to emerging sectors like the vulnerable groups are, in which the impact of these actions could be determinant in the social change that our countries require.

 

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Public Communication of Science and Technology

 

The vulnerable groups attention, a compromise of the science centers to building bridges to the future

Dolores Arenas   Leticia Chávez Universum Science Museum of UNAM

Objective: The attention to the vulnerable groups is a compromise that the centers and museums of science must assume in their role of social change agents, offering non formal spaces of education which allow them the access to the scientific knowledge and technological improvement that impact their daily lives and allow them to have a belonging and inclusion feeling into the social conglomerate. But the real efficient atention is trhought a special knowledge communication according to their special needs. Methods: At the Universum Museo de las Ciencias, UNAM, the attention of the vulnerable groups is one of the social tasks which, in the last years, has been made both inside as outside of its facilities, getting the knowledge of the science closer to this social sector. This labor is developed through a specialized area that maintains contact with public, social and private institutions which give attention to these groups, like schools, penitentiary centers, civil society organizations and foundations. The special area in museum planning guided visits with scholar hosts who do the guiding labor at the museum, qualified in areas such as disability, sign language and Braille writing/reading, but with specialized thematic routes by each kind of disability, or workshops and science demonstrations which are presented up to their places of residence like marginated communities, readaptation institutions, in the case of infractors, or reintegration centers. Results: These organizations find at the Universum a complementary space of their labor, as the museum contributes to the social inclusion of the vulnerable groups through their approach and science diffusion according to the special needs of each group. Conclusions: The vulnerable groups, like people with disabilities, elderly ones, children and young ones who live in the street and infractors, represent in Mexico around the 20% of the population’s total (21 million people), most of them do not have access to the scholar systems, being totally excluded from scientific culture. So the Science Centers and Museums have a great opportunity to be inclusion promoters that allow, through the diffusion of science, to offer new development expectations to the societies in which they are inserted, and specially to emerging sectors like the vulnerable groups are, in which the impact of these actions could be determinant in the social change that our countries require.

 

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